Jain Program Book - Style 1
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XXX weds YYY

Sunday, May 28, 2006
8090, Albert hall, NY, USA


The Jain Wedding Ceremony

The Jain wedding is a sacrament which binds the bride and groom in holy matrimony.  The Wedding is performed under a Mandap (Canopy) whose four pillars represent the four parents.  It signifies the important role which the parents have played in raising the couple to become responsible adults.  The Wedding is sanctified by Agni (Sacred fire) which serves as the witness for the sacrament.  The religious awareness helps maintain discipline and stability in married life.

Rituals preformed in the Jain Wedding are briefly described in the program:

(Union of the two families)

Upon the arrival at the entrance of the Vivaha Sthal (Wedding place) the bridegroom and his family are greeted with garlands by the members of the bride's family.  The first to be greeted are the bridegroom's parents, followed by the close relatives. The mother of the bride performs Aarti (Welcoming and praying for the welfare of the bridegroom) holding a candle lit Thali (Plate).

(Exchange of garlands) 

Holding a garland in his hands the bridegroom waits for the arrival of the bride.   Holding a garland in her hand the bride with her sisters moves to the place where the bridegroom waits for her.   This symbolizes an invitation from the bride to the bridegroom to accept her as his wife.  The bridegroom then places the garland around the neck of the bride.  This symbolized the acceptance of the bride's invitation to the bridegroom.

Vivaha Sanskar
(Scared Wedding Rituals)

The bridegroom, his relatives, friends and well wishers move to the Mandap (Canopy) to join the bride's party to perform the sacred wedding rituals.


The bridegroom holds the hand of the bride with his hand.  Both take a solemn pledge before God that they have become one and will forever love and take care for each other.


(Giving away the daughter)

The father of the bride places the right hand of his daughter into the right hand of the bridegroom.  This symbolizes giving away his daughter to the groom in matrimony and the groom's acceptance of his responsibility to love, respect and protects the bride as they become life partners.

(Tying of knots)

This is the sacred union of the bride and the bridegroom.  The end of the bride's chanchi (Scarf) is tied with end of the bridegroom's patka (Scarf) to symbolize the unity and happiness of their new life.

(Fire lighting)

The Agni (Scared fire) is lit to symbolize purity and act as a witness to the ceremonies that will join the couple in matrimony.

Namokar Mantara
(Recitation of the Jain Prayer)


(Circle around the sacred fire)

The bride and bridegroom walk around the sacred fire seven times.  The bride leads the first three rounds and the bridegroom leads the last four rounds.

(Seven steps for a happy married life)

The bride and groom walk seven steps together.  As they walk around the agni, the Mantras Hymns which express their principal duties and promises to each other.  The vows are as follows:

1) With God as our guide, let us take the first step to love and nourish each other.

2) Let us take the second step to grow together in strength.

3) Let us take the third step to preserve our wealth.


4) Let us take the fourth step to share our joys and sorrows.

5) Let us take the fifth step so that we are blessed with healthy and brave children.

6) Let us take the sixth step to be together forever.

7) Finally let us take the seventh step to remain true companions and life long partners.

The bride and bridegroom then change places so that the bride is now on the side closest to the bridegroom's heart.

(Married hood)

The bridegroom applies vermillion (Red powder) on the bride's head. He also places Mangalsutra (wreath of beads symbolizing a happy union) around the bride's neck.



The bride and bridegroom bow down before their parents who give them their blessings.

(Flower shower)

Flower petals are showered on the newly weds by relatives and friends to wish them luck and happiness in their new life.

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